Corns & Calluses

February 16, 2023

 What are corns & calluses?

Technically known as “hyperkeratosis”, corns are a thickening of the most superficial layer of the skin on the foot due to an increase in dead and scaly cells. Calluses are common lesions of the skin on the foot. Both corns and calluses act as a protection mechanism for the skin of the foot against pressure or continued friction.

What are the symptoms of these conditions?
  • Thickened skin
  • Yellowish colour (due to accumulation of keratin)
  • Rough texture
  • Dryness

What causes them?

  • The way you walk: hardness often appears in the same places if you’re walking or running posture is misaligned
  • Footwear: inappropriate footwear such as pointy shoes or high-heeled shoes can cause corns due to increased pressure on the toes
  • Socks: if you don’t wear socks, the skin on the feet will rub directly with the rigid material of the footwear causing hardness. Badly placed or wrinkled socks can also cause corns
  • Dehydration: dehydration of the skin on your feet often causes dry, hard skin in the heel area
  • Other foot conditions: if you already suffer from bunions, claw toes, hammer, or mallet, you may be more prone to corns and calluses due to increased pressure between the skin and your shoes

How to treat corns & calluses?

There are various ways that we can help you treat and prevent corns and callus such as:

Podiatry appointment: Our Podiatrists/Chiropodists or foot health practitioners can treat your corns and calluses painlessly within a treatment session. They will also provide valuable advice and guidance such as how to choose the right type of footwear for your feet.

Gait Analysis: we can assess your footprint through a Gait Analysis to identify areas of pressure when you walk or run. We can then prescribe bespoke orthotics to rebalance your foot posture and relieve pressure in those areas.

It can sometimes be difficult to tell the difference between a callus and a verruca. Applying the wrong treatment may worsen the condition by spreading the infection further.

If you think you may have a corn or callus, please get in touch with our team by calling 01380 730473.